URL : http://www.fateh.net/e_public/constitution.htm– Terrorist group founded by Yasser Arafat in early 1960s, prior to 1967 Six Day War.
— Dedicated to annihilating Israel
Fatah, or al-Fatah, was established in about 1959 by Yasser Arafat.
The organization’s name is a reverse acronym standing for Harakat Al-Tahrir Al-Watani Al-Filastini (“the Movement for the National Liberation of Palestine”). As a word, “Fatah” in Arabic means “conquest by means of jihad [Islamic holy war].” From its inception, Fatah’s overriding objective, as expressed in its original Covenant, was to bring about the annihilation of Israel. (Notably, this Covenant explicitly disavowed any interest in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, which were then under the control of Jordan and Egypt, respectively. Only in 1968, after Israel had taken control of these regions following its victory in the Six Day War, was the Covenant amended to demand the establishment of a Palestinian State on the entire territory of the nation of Israel.) With the backing of Syria, in 1965 Fatah began carrying out dozens of terrorist raids each year against Israeli civilian targets, launching these attacks from Jordan, Lebanon and Egyptian-occupied Gaza. By 1969, Fatah had grown into the largest constituency of Yasser Arafat’s multiparty confederation, the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), and was under Arafat’s direct control.In the 1960s and the 1970s, Fatah provided training to numerous European, Middle Eastern, Asian, and African rebel and terrorist groups. Fatah was supplied with weaponry during this period by the Soviet Union, the Communist states of eastern Europe, and Communist China.When Israel invaded Lebanon in 1982 (as a means of combating Arab terrorist groups that were using the region as a launching pad for artillery attacks against northern Israeli towns), Fatah members based in southern Lebanon dispersed to several Middle Eastern countries, among them Tunisia, Yemen, Algeria, and Iraq. From 1982 to 1993, Fatah’s leadership was based in Tunisia.Today Fatah defines as its principal goal the achievement of the “complete liberation of Palestine, and eradication of Zionist economic, political, military, and cultural existence.” According to Fatah, this objective is not to be accomplished by peaceful means; nor does it allow for Israel’s continued existence: “Armed public revolution is the inevitable method to liberating Palestine. … [T]he Palestinian Arab People’s armed revolution is a decisive factor in the liberation fight and in uprooting the Zionist existence, and this struggle will not cease unless the Zionist state is demolished and Palestine is completely liberated.” Candidly opposed to “any political solution offered as an alternative to demolishing the Zionist occupation in Palestine,” Fatah has made its organizational emblem a grenade and crossed rifles, superimposed on a map of present-day Israel. Fatah’s military arm, Tanzim, is funded by the Palestinian Authority and has played a leading role in Palestinian violence in recent years.
Fatah enumerates as the “Essential Principles” of its Constitution the following tenets, among others: –Palestinian struggle is part and parcel of the worldwide struggle against Zionism, colonialism and international imperialism. –Liberating Palestine is a national obligation which necessities the materialistic and human support of the Arab Nation. –UN projects, accords and reso[lutions], or those of any individual which undermine the Palestinian people’s right in their homeland, are illegal and rejected. –The Zionist Movement is racial, colonial, and aggressive in ideology, goals, organization and method. –The Israeli existence in Palestine is a Zionist invasion with a colonial expansive base, and it is a natural ally to colonialism and international imperialism. –Liberating Palestine and protecting its holy places is an Arab, religious, and human obligation. Fatah currently has “Observer Party” status at the Socialist International. DiscoverTheNetwork